Baal and Asherah


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The following is only one version of the identity/status of Baal and Asherah (Ashteroth).

Being human inventions, variations of these 'god's' identities vary over time and according to the different geographical locations.

'Baal' was the Canaanite god of rain and storm (and fertlity) who eventually became king of gods (by defeating a god called ‘Sea’).

In Hebrew, ba'al means "lord", "master" or "husband".

Unfortunately, over time, the Israelites turned away from worshipping the true (unseen) God 'YHWH' and turned to the worship of Baal and Asherah.

In fact, their allegiance became so widespread that Baal worship became the dominant religion – those who actually worshipped the true God were but a small minority.

Baal’s sister/wife was Anat. Mot was the god of death (lover of droughts too!) who killed Baal. Anat brought Baal back to life. In doing so she slashed herself with knives to display her mourning.

'Asherah' was worshipped as the Canaanite mother of all the gods representing life-giving and the primeval sea ('the deep'). She is sometimes mentioned as Ba'al's mother, sometimes his consort (wife) - often symbolised by a pole (erected on high places). 

To destroy 'Asherah' was actually to destroy, not the goddess, but a cultic object of worship i.e. an 'Asherah pole' erected on high places as well as other cultic objects.

The videos listed just below are very helpful ... well worth watching.

(Preliminary Studies of Religion students will find this page very helpful - Religions of Ancient Origin).




Excellent; extremely helpful and instructive (Vimeo)

The Nature of Canaanite Religion - 1 of 3

The Nature of Canaanite Religion - 2 of 3

The Nature of Canaanite Religion - 3 of 3

The Temptation of Canaanite Religion




(All links tested mid-August 2014)

1. General Information

Canaanite and Phoenician religions (Looklex Encyclopaedia)

Canaanite culture and religion

Canaanite/Ugaritic Mythology FAQ, ver. 1.2

The Extermination of the Canaanites 

General information on Cana and the Canaanites.


2. Baal and Asherah: Encyclopedias & Dictionaries

'Baal' - New World Encylopedia BAAL

'Asherah' - New World Encyclopedia ASHERAH

International Bible Standard Encyclopedia BAAL

Various Bible Dictionaries BAAL

Baal, Baalim (Catholic Encyclopedia) BAAL

International Bible Standard Encyclopedia ASHERAH

Various Bible Dictionaries ASHERAH


3. Baal and Asherah: Other useful links

The following 5 sites are a good place for the 'beginner' to start researching:

 BA'AL CYCLE: See Encyclopædia Britannica

'YOUR MUST KNOW GUIDE TO BAAL' (Marketfaith Ministries) BAAL

'Who was Baal?' (Got Questions) BAAL

'Who was Asherah / Ashtoreth?' (Got Questions) ASHERAH

'What is an Asherah pole?' (Got Questions) ASHERAH

 A Theological Defense for the Inspiration of the Old Testament Involving the Canaanite Problem by Brian Chilton

'Historical Background of Hosea—Baal and Idolatry' by Steven Hovater BAAL

'Baalism in Canaanite Religion and Its Relation to Selected Old Testament Texts.' A study by Greg Herrick BAAL: Excellent. Includes a brief discussion on 1 Kings 18

Canaanite Religions and Baal Worship by Dr. Ralph F. Wilson  BAAL and ASHERAH (Ashtoreth)

The Worship of Baal BAAL

'Israelite Religion to Judaism: the Evolution of the Religion of Israel'by David Steinberg BAAL and ASHERAH

Phoenician Canaanite Religion -- Pagan  BAAL and ASHERAH

Ugarit and the Bible: Ugaritic Literature as an Aid to Understanding the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) by David Steinberg BAAL

'Baal' by Alan G. Hefner BAAL

'Ba'al' from Wikipedia BAAL

'Asherah' from Wikipedia ASHERAH

Bible.Org (do a search eg 'baal') BAAL

'Baal' from Conservapedia BAAL

'Asherah' from Jewish Encyclopedia ASHERAH

'Baal and Baal Worship' from Jewish Encyclopedia BAAL

Baal - Encyclopedia BAAL

'Ba‘al Worship in the Old Testament' by Dennis Bratcher BAAL

'Baal' by Wayne Blank BAAL

Asherah and the God of the Early Israelites ASHERAH

Pagan Gods and Goddesses BAAL & ASHERAH

'Baalbek Temple and Human Sacrifice worship to Baal' (Ancient Destructions) BAAL



1 Kings 18 and Elijah's contest with the priests of Ba'al & Asherah

(See 'Introductory videos' above)
1. Jamieson  
3. Enduring Word (very helpful)
4. Wiersbe (scroll the document and look for 1 Kings 18)
6. Various Authors There are quite a few authors to choose from within this site.
9. How Bad Was Jezebel? by Janet Howe Gaines (BAR Magazine)

VIDEOS (as above)

'The Temptation of Canaanite Religion' by Campus Crusade for Christ (VIMEO - view and/or download)
'The Nature of Canaanite Religion (1 of 3)' by Campus Crusade for Christ (VIMEO - view and/or download)
'The Nature of Canaanite Religion (2 of 3)' by Campus Crusade for Christ (VIMEO - view and/or download)
'The Nature of Canaanite Religion (3 of 3)' by Campus Crusade for Christ (VIMEO - view and/or download)